Maryland's Wildlife Species

Maryland is home to an estimated 90 species of mammals, 93 species and subspecies of reptiles and amphibians, over 400 species of birds and several hundred species of marine and freshwater fishes. An untold number of insect and other invertebrate species (crustaceans, spiders, mollusks, etc) also reside here. 

Of all of these thousands of creatures, over 300 are rare. One hundred and ten of these species are designated as Threatened or Endangered in Maryland and are afforded protection under the State Nongame and Endangered Species Conservation Act.

Bird Icon

Birds of Maryland

Herp Icon

Reptiles and Amphibians of Maryland

Mammal Icon

Mammals of Maryland

Invertebrate Icon

Invertebrates of Maryland

(Includes mollusks, bees, beetles, butterflies, spiders, dragonflies, worms, etc)

Rare, Threatened & Endangered Species Icon

Rare, Threatened and Endangered Animals


Invasive and Exotic Species

For more information, please contact:

Maryland Department of Natural Resources
Wildlife and Heritage Service
Tawes State Office Building, E-1
Annapolis MD 21401
Toll-free in Maryland: 1-877-620-8DNR ​​​