Deer in Spring Landscape

Maryland's Wildlife Species


Maryland is home to an estimated 90 species of mammals, 93 species and subspecies of reptiles and amphibians, over 400 species of birds and several hundred species of marine and freshwater fishes. An untold number of insect and other invertebrate species (crustaceans, spiders, mollusks, etc) also reside here. Of all of these thousands of creatures, over 300 are rare. One hundred and ten of these species are designated as Threatened or Endangered in Maryland and are afforded protection under the State Nongame and Endangered Species Conservation Act.

Bird Icon

Birds of Maryland

  • Birding in Maryland
  • Eagles in Maryland
  • Common Feeder Birds (PDF)
  • Guide to Forest Interior Dwelling Birds (PDF)
  • Herp Icon

    Reptiles and Amphibians of Maryland

  • All About Snakes
  • Captive Reptile and Amphibian Permit
  • Checklist of Maryland Reptile and Amphibian Species (PDF)
  • Common Backyard Reptiles and Amphibians (PDF)
  • Mammal Icon

    Mammals of Maryland

  • Discover Maryland’s Bats
  • Common Mammals (PDF)
  • Invertebrate Icon

    Invertebrates of Maryland
    (Includes mollusks, bees, beetles, butterflies, spiders, dragonflies, worms, etc)

  • Butterflies of Maryland
  • Butterflies of Maryland: A Biological Summary & Checklist (PDF)
  • Common Butterflies and Skippers (PDF)
  • Common Dragonflies and Damselflies
  • Common Spiders
  • Rare, Threatened & Endangered Species Icon

    Rare, Threatened and Endangered Animals

  • List of Rare, Threatened and Endangered Animals (PDF)
  • Contribute to the Chesapeake Bay And Endangered Species Fund
  • Invasive & Exotic Species Icon

    Invasive and Exotic Species

  • Nutria
  • Snakehead Fact Sheet (PDF)
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    Click here for more information About Maryland Wildlife.

    For more information, please contact:

    Maryland Department of Natural Resources
    Wildlife and Heritage Service
    Tawes State Office Building, E-1
    Annapolis MD 21401
    410-260-8540
    Toll-free in Maryland: 1-877-620-8DNR