Black Bear Conservation Program
Black Bear Education
Now Available for Maryland Educators
What is the Black Bear Conservation Program?
The Black Bear Conservation Stamp Program began in 1996. Authorized by the Maryland General Assembly, the stamp generates funds that are used to compensate farmers who have reported damage to agricultural crops caused by black bears. Stamps may be purchased for a minimum contribution of $5.00 and are available on the DNR website, or through any of the Department of Natural Resource's Service Centers located throughout Maryland, or by calling 1-800-873-3763.
Why are there more Black Bears?
The growing black bear population is the result of several factors. Since the early 1900s, the quality of Maryland's wetlands and forest lands have been improving, following the end of decades of unregulated cutting of trees and destruction of wetland habitat in Western Maryland. Improving habitat conditions throughout the tri-state region prompted bear relocation efforts by the state of Pennsylvania. The success of this program, coupled with various bear management programs employed by West Virginia, helped generate a spillover of bears into Maryland during the 1970s and 1980s. The improving habitat conditions in Western Maryland invited black bears back to an area they had historically occupied. Public support of law enforcement efforts to thwart illegal hunting of black bears insured that black bears would succeed in their new habitat.
How has DNR responded to nuisance bear complaints?
One of the objectives of Maryland's Black Bear Management Plan is to minimize bear-human conflicts by helping the public cope with nuisance bear problems in a manner that will be effective and have minimal adverse impact on the bear population. DNR has responded to these complaints by providing technical assistance and educational materials to landowners. DNR also provides electric fencing to beekeepers. See Living with Black Bears for additional information.
Important information about black bears and humans.
During the spring and early summer months, black bears do become more active. This increase in activity is due to the fact that young bears (about 1 1/2 years old) are chased away by their mothers to find a home of their own. Also during June and July, black bears are breeding and older males will wander long distances in search of a mate. DNR Wildlife and Heritage Division warns that people who come upon black bears should treat them with respect and leave them alone! Bears usually pose no threat to humans unless they are harassed, pursued, cornered, or have cubs with them. DNR has put together some safety tips concerning the black bear.
How Can I Help?
Black Bear Conservation stamps are available for a minimum contribution of $5 for each stamp. However, additional gift contributions to the Compensation Fund are welcome.
See the online store for details
Also, check out DNR's other Black Bear Conservation merchandise at http://shopdnr.com/blackbearconservationprogramitems.aspx.
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