Gunpowder Falls State Park: Jerusalem Mill Historic Village

A photograph of current Jerusalem Mill.

Once the center of a thriving 18th- and 19th- century Quaker settlement, the Jerusalem gristmill operated continuously for nearly two centuries. Located on the banks of the Little Gunpowder Falls in Harford County, both the mill and village are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Jerusalem Mill was acquired by the state as part of Gunpowder Falls State Park in 1961 and now serves as the park headquarters and visitor center. The village’s buildings and grounds host a variety of regular and special living history events.

Things To See and Do

  • Visitor Center and Museum: view artifacts and exhibits pertinent the mill and village’s history; docent tours provided; 1-4 p.m., Saturday and Sunday.
  • Blacksmith Shop: demonstrations of traditional techniques of iron working are offered on Saturdays and Sundays from 1-4 p.m.
  • Gun Shop: observe the daily activities of 18th century village life: Gardening, gunsmithing, hearth cooking, etc; Sundays from 1-4 p.m.
  • Carpentry Shop: watch woodworkers create a variety of useful and decorative artifacts using hand tools; Sundays from 1-4 p.m.
  • McCourtney’s General Store and Gift Shop: view artifacts and displays from significant events from 1830s to 1940s; shop for eclectic treasures in the gift shop; first weekend and most Sundays from 1-4 p.m.

Special Events

  • Summer concert series; first Sunday of May through September; 6-8 p.m.
  • Gilmor's Confederate Cavalry Raid of July 1864. Typically held during the summer.
  • Colonial Craftsmen Weekend: 18th century market fair; second weekend of October.
  • Visit the Friends of Jerusalem Mill’s website for more information: www.jerusalemmill.org.

Self-Directed Activities

Accessibility

The mill visitor center, blacksmith shop and McCourtney’s Store are accessible. For additional accessible amenities in Maryland State Parks, visit the Accessibility For All section of this website.

The Friends of Jerusalem Mill

The Friends of Jerusalem Mill was organized in 1985 to promote the restoration of the mill and adjacent buildings. Through the efforts of the Friends group, the new park headquarters and visitor center/museum were dedicated in 1995. The Friends have restored the blacksmith shop, the gun shop, the springhouse and the general store with work continuing or planned on other structures. An active living history interpretation program gives scheduled access to the restored structures year round. The village is also the site of a variety of outdoor special events from spring through fall.

The Friends of Jerusalem Mill meets the first Thursday of each month at 7 p.m. in the mill conference room and welcomes new members. Their mission is to promote preservation, restoration and education. Additional information is available on their website at www.jerusalemmill.org or by calling the visitor center/museum at 410-877-3560.

Mill History

In 1769, millwright Isaiah Linton and miller David Lee, both Quakers from Bucks County, Pennsylvania, entered into a partnership to build a gristmill, one of 18 mills constructed by Linton. A low-lying site along the Little Gunpowder Falls called “Jerusalem” was selected as a mill seat. After completing the mill’s construction in August of 1772, David Lee began milling flour under the "White Silk" label. Much of the gristmill’s flour was shipped to the Caribbean.

Originally known as Lee's Merchant Mill, Jerusalem Mill was one of the important early mills in Harford County, and one of the largest in Maryland. It saw great changes in technology and economy through its two centuries of operation. The half-mile long race channeled water into the mill and powered two internal pitch-back waterwheels. These were later replaced by two horizontal water turbines, which turned vertical shafts driving the machinery above. The ground floor served as the grinding level with 52-inch millstones. The 5-story, 60 by 30-foot mill building was framed using classic millwrighting techniques, featuring massive white oak posts supporting the oak ceiling, floors and stairways. Two tiers of three dormers on each side of the roof provided light to the upper levels of the building and contribute to its distinctive look. The mill was converted to electricity after a flood broke the dam in 1940.

The business evolved from Lee’s original merchant milling operation to a combination of services for the local farming community. The mill outlasted most of its competitors due to the entrepreneurial spirit of the last miller, Jack Bridges. Recognizing the declining business in milling, he layered on an early convenience store and the revenue from this sideline compensated for the decrease in milling income until his death in 1961.

Village History

The surrounding village was also the site of a cooperage, blacksmith shop, wheelwright, sawmill, general store with post office and the Jericho covered bridge.

The cooperage today is referred to as the “gun shop” for its alleged use during the Revolution War for the production of gunstocks for the Maryland Militia. In later years the building housed at different times a cabinetmaker's shop, a cider press, a cannery and a residence. Today, the building is used for living history demonstrations including hearth cooking and gunsmithing.

The general store had its moment during the Civil War when a band of Confederate Cavalry under the command of Colonel Harry W. Gilmor swooped down and "requisitioned" nearly $1,000 worth of goods and horses. The event is commemorated each summer as Gilmor's Raid.

Down Jericho Road from the store is one of Maryland’s six remaining covered bridges, constructed just after the Civil War in 1865.

Location

Central Area (Belair Road) – From the Baltimore Beltway (I-695), take U. S. 1 (Belair Road) north seven miles until you cross over the Big Gunpowder Falls. The parking lot will be on your right immediately following the bridge across the falls.
Dundee Creek Marina - From I-95 take exit 67A for Route 43 east (White Marsh Boulevard). Follow 43 to Route 40 east. Turn right at the first light onto Ebenezer Road and follow it for 4.5 miles. Go past the Hammerman entrance, and enter the marina on the right. The physical address is 7400 Graces Quarters, Chase, MD 21027. To visit the fishing area, continue straight and veer to the right and follow the road until it deadends.
Hammerman Area (beach) - From I-95 take exit 67A for Route 43 east (White Marsh Boulevard). Follow 43 to Route 40 east. Turn right at the first light onto Ebenezer Road and follow it for 4.5 miles. The park entrance will be on your left. The physical address is 7200 Graces Quarters, Chase, MD 21027
Hereford Area - From I-83 N, take exit 27 and turn right on Mt. Carmel Road. At traffic light, turn left onto York Road. Pass Hereford High School and turn left onto Bunker Hill Road. Continue on Bunker Hill Road to parking lot, located above the river.
Jerusalem Mill (Park Headquarters) - From I-95 take exit 74 for Route 152 West (Mountain Road). Follow Mountain Road toward Fallston and turn left onto Jerusalem Road. Jerusalem Mill will be on your left after 1.1 miles. Parking is in the lot on the right, just before the mill. The physical address is 2813 Jerusalem Road, Kingsville, MD 21087.
Monkton Station - From I-83 N, take exit 27 and turn right on Mt. Carmel Road. Turn right on York Road and make a quick left onto Monkton Road. Follow it until it crosses the Torrey C. Brown (formerly NCR) Rail Trail. Monkton Station will be on your left. Limited parking. The physical address is 1820 Monkton Road, Monkton, MD 21111
Sweet Air Area – Take I-95 north. Take exit 74 onto Route 152 toward Fallston. Follow it for 10 miles. Turn left onto Route 165 south. Take first right onto Greene Road, right onto Moores Road and left onto Dalton Bevard Road. The parking lot is at the top of the hill. The physical address is 2840 Dalton Bevard Road, Baldwin, MD 21013.
Sparks Bank Nature Center - From I-83N take exit 24 (Belfast Road). Turn right onto Belfast Road. Turn right onto York Road (Route 45). Take your second left onto Sparks Road. Follow it until it crosses the Torrey C. Brown (formerly NCR) Rail Trail. Sparks Bank Nature Center will be on your right. Limited parking. The physical address is 1207 Sparks Road, Sparks, MD 21152.

Gunpowder Falls State Park
PO Box 480
2813 Jerusalem Road
Kingsville, MD 21087

Contact Gunpowder

Phone: (410) 592-2897

Hours of Operation

Sunrise to Sunset
Certain activities are permitted outside of the regular park hours (e.g. fishing, boat launch, hunting where permitted). Please check with the park before your visit if you plan to engage in an activity which requires you to be in the park before or after the posted hours.

Contact the Park Service

  • Toll Free: 1-800-830-3974
    (Annapolis Office)
  • Reservations: 1-888-432-2267
  • Park Watch: 1-800-825-7275
  • Email Us

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