Forestry Publications

In this section we have publications that are available from the Maryland Department of Natural Resources Forest Service. If you have questions or need additional assistance you can contact our offices in Annapolis at 410-260-8531.


  • Forest Regeneration
  • Everything has a beginning. Including a forest. These pictures track the early growth stages of Eastern Shore forests following regeneration harvests, commonly known as “clearcuts. Please click here to view the presentation.



  • Welcome to Your Woods
  • Maryland’s woods help to make our state the “land of pleasant living” by cleaning the air, naturally filtering drinking water, creating jobs and conserving wildlife. Your woods can also boost your property value, lower your energy bills and provide many other benefits to you each day."


  • 1990 Governor's Task Force On Trees Executive Summary

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  • Maryland timber industry: an assessment of timber product output and use, 2008
  • Presents recent Maryland forest industry trends; production and receipts of industrial roundwood; and production of saw logs, veneer logs, pulpwood, and other products in 2008. Logging residue generated from timber harvest operations is reported, as well as wood and bark residue generated at primary wood-using mills and disposition of mill residues.


  • Maryland's Forests
  • Maryland’s Forests 2008 displays the condition and status of forests in Maryland as obtained and reported by the U.S. Forest Service, Northern Research Station’s Forest Inventory and Analysis (NRS-FIA) program. Previous inventories of Maryland’s forest resources were completed in 1950, 1964, 1976, 1986, and 1999. This report focuses on data collected from 2004 to 2008.


    Forward by Steven W. Koehn, State Forester/Director, Maryland DNR Forest Service

    Maryland's Forests 2008 (pdf 12 MB)

    Maryland's Forests, 2008: Statistics, Methods, and Quality Assurance (pdf 1.26 MB) Includes information on sampling techniques, estimation procedures, tables of poulation estimates, raw data, data summarization tool and glossary.



  • Maryland Biomass Report Evaluates the Potential Future of Biomass in the State
  • Pinchot Institute releases report and harvesting guidelines, in association with Maryland Department of Natural Resources, to evaluate and provide guidance for biomass options in Maryland.

    While markets for woody biomass have existed for more than twenty years, this experience has mostly been limited to one small facility with modest feedstock requirements. In recent years, renewable energy policy has stimulated increased investment to expand bioenergy markets across the country. This expansion could provide forest owners with more varied opportunities for sustainable management of their forestland. However, this same market growth has raised concerns about the potential for negative impacts to natural resources and existing industry. The Pinchot Institute for Conservation, aided by a number of agencies, experts, and stakeholders, evaluated several social, economic, and environmental sustainability concerns regarding potential expansion of wood-based bioenergy markets in Maryland. The report explores biomass supply, utilization technologies, energy and natural resource policies, and the science behind biomass harvesting. To read this report and to learn more about biomass click here


  • Estate Planning for landowners

  • Strategic Plan

  • Forest Ownership in Maryland

    The U.S. Forest Service's National Woodland Owner Survey (www.fia.fs.fed.us/nwos) is conducted to improve our understanding of who owns the forests of the United States, why they own them, how they use them, and what they intend to do with them. This information is used by foresters, educators, and researchers to create programs, policies, and services that better meet the needs of forest owners and society. The family forest results below are a summary of the 78 owners from Maryland who participated between 2002 and 2006.


  • A Small Woodlot Initiative

    A Guide for: Landowners, Land Managers and Forest Products Operators.


  • Big Tree Champions

    No complete record of Maryland's tree species exists, but from the best information available, there are probably more than 160 species. Counting the exotic species which are successfully grown here, the list is almost unlimited.


  • Guiding Maryland's Forest Community into the 21st Century

    Maryland's forest community is facing serious challenges during the 21st Century, most notably increased sprawl development patterns attendant to an expanding population. It is imperative that Maryland conserve and manage its renewable forest resources for future generations. This will require bold and progressive action, not unlike the actions recommended by the Task Force with this Report.


  • Arbor Day Teacher's Guide
          (Adobe Acrobat file) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    The Teacher's Guide has been written by Maryland elementary school educators who have been involved with Arbor Day at their schools. The development of the Guide is a cooperative effort between Maryland's Department of Natural Resources and the State Department of Education. We have tried to make the activities child-centered, fun and authentic, while keeping the use of activities flexible enough to meet your particular class or school needs.


  • How To Save Your Trees From The Next Isabel

    Research shows that pruning can reduce the risk of windthrown trees.  Many of the trees that came down during Hurricane/Tropical Storm Isabel were trees that looked sound, but they caused problems by uprooting rather than by breaking. Is there a way to treat trees to minimize the risk of uprooting in future storms? The short answer is yes.


  • Trends in Maryland's Forests
       (Adobe Acrobat file 173KB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    Forests cover 41 percent of Maryland, or 2.6 million acres. This amount of forest cover is remarkable in a state that has seen tremendous population growth and economic development in recent years. There are three reasons for this high percentage of forested land.


  • Strategic Plan for Conserving our Forests
          (Adobe Acrobat file) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    Information about the Strategic Plan for Conserving the Forests


  • Maryland’s Family Forests Facing Increasing Risks
        More than 75% of Maryland’s forestlands are family-owned forests!

          (Adobe Acrobat file) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    Maryland’s family forests are faced with several challenges that threaten to degrade the ecological, economic, and recreational value of the land. If these valuable forestlands vanish we all lose!


  • Maryland Stream ReLeaf Implementation Plan 2005-2010
          (Adobe Acrobat file) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    Riparian forest buffers (RFBs) are one of the cornerstones of restoration of the Chesapeake Bay watershed. The Chesapeake 2000 Agreement called for an expanded RFB goal, which was adopted in December 2003. This plan lays out strategy for Maryland to contribute to the RFB goals for the overall Chesapeake Bay watershed.


  • Maryland's Emergency Response Plan for Invasive Forest Pests
          (Adobe Acrobat file) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    Invasive species have been called a "catastrophic wildfire in slow motion." In recent times, significant increases in the movement of people and trade goods around the world have coincided with the transport of plant and animal species to new ecosystems where they often cause significant damage. Both the departments of Agriculture and Natural Resources have identified invasive insects and disease-causing organisms as major threats to our State's forest resources. In response to this threat, we have coordinated our scientific, management, and partnership resources under an emergency response plan. Maryland's Emergency Response Plan for Invasive Forest Pests is intended to identify agency roles and a plan of action for early detection, rapid response, control, and management.


  • Riparian Forest Buffer Design and Maintenance
          (Adobe Acrobat file 864KB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    Riparian forest buffers (RFBs) are essential components of maintaining long-term stream and watershed health and resilience in the Chesapeake Bay region. RFBs also provide valuable ecological functions for wildlife habitat and biodiversity. This guide has been prepared as a resource to the many who wish to establish a forest buffer efficiently, effectively, and with a minimum of maintenance.

  • BMP Managing to Save the Bay
          (Adobe Acrobat file 3.9MB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    The Maryland Department of Natural Resources - Forest Service received a grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to conduct an assessment and analysis of forestry Best Management Practice (BMP) implementation in Maryland during the summer and fall of 1994.


  • Water Quality and Wildlife Habitat in Pine Stands on Delmarva
          (Adobe Acrobat file 170KB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    Well managed forests offer many benefits. Many forest landowners are interested in promoting wildlife habitat and protecting basic environmental functions on their property. Most also need some income to support ownership costs. This paper identifies some management options for blending water quality protection and wildlife habitat goals with income producing wood products.


  • The Maryland Forest Conservation Act: A Ten Year Review
          (Adobe Acrobat file 427KB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    The Forest Conservation Act, which established standards for local authorities to enforce during development, is a means to protect not only forest and trees in developing areas but also any sensitive area identified during the local planning or comprehensive land use plan adoption process


  • Vole Damage Control in Forest Plantations
          (Adobe Acrobat file 46KB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    As a part of efforts to improve water quality and protect living resources, thousands of acres of hardwood trees have been planted to establish riparian forest buffers on former agricultural fields in Maryland and other states. The meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus) and pine vole (Microtus pinetorum) have impacted the survival and growth of some of these plantations. Vole damage to woody plants usually occurs from fall through early spring. During these months green vegetation is scarce so voles feed on woody plants as sustenance through the dormant season. In recent years, many landowners experienced poor survival due to vole damage, particularly on low-lying meadows with a thick grass cover. This paper addresses this concern and provides recommendations for use by foresters, landowners, and other land managers.


  • A Comparison of Seedling Growth and Light Transmission
        Among Tree Shelters

          (Adobe Acrobat file 36KB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    Different types of tree shelters are being increasingly used to protect newly planted seedlings from deer browse. This study provides information on the survival, height, and diameter growth of seedlings for three years after planting using five types of tree shelters and seven tree species.


  • Town Creek Long-range Planning Guide for Ecosystem Management
          (Adobe Acrobat file 448KB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    The Town Creek Ecosystem Management Project was started as a pilot project in 1994 for the purpose of applying ecosystem management concepts in a mixed ownership watershed. The publication documents the organization of the project and the twelve guiding principles in use to manage an ever-changing watershed.


  • Emerald Ash Borer

    On August 28, 2003 a Maryland Department of Agriculture (MDA) inspector found emerald ash borer-infested trees at a single Prince George’s County nursery. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Systematic Entomology Laboratory in Beltsville, MD confirmed the identification of the emerald ash borer. Emerald ash borer (EAB) is a serious pest of quarantine significance.


  • A Guide to Maryland Regulation of Forestry and Related Practices

    A reference and discussion of the regulatory framework of forestry activities.


  • The Importance of Maryland’s Forest: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
         (Adobe Acrobat file 879KB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    This publication, The Importance of Maryland’s Forests: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow, is a primer on the history of our forest, its environmental and economic importance, its scientific management, and the challenges facing our continued stewardship.


  • Maryland's Strategic Forest Lands Assessment

    Maryland faces many challenges in sustaining health, ecologically functional and economically viable forests in the face of rapid urban development. This report was printed October 2003.


  • Consulting Foresters
       (Adobe Acrobat file 32KB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

  • Riparian Forest Buffer Survival and Success in Maryland
       (Adobe Acrobat file 10MB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

  • Articles from the Journal of Arboriculture
       (Adobe Acrobat files: 10KB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    A Survey of Licensed Tree Experts in Maryland

    A Methodology for Assessing and Managing Biodiversity in Street Tree Populations: A Case Study

    Maryland's Forest Conservation Act: A Process for Urban Greenspace Protection During the Development Process

    Forest Health Monitoring Protocol Applied to Roadside Trees in Maryland


  • Your Guide to Community Forest Assistance Programs

    Helps you identify and contact tree planting and conservation programs that are the best match for your talents, interests, and needs.


  • Forest Health Report

    This Forest Health Report provides information to help Marylanders take appropriate actions to enhance forest resources for the present and for future generations.


  • The Forest Conservation and Management Program
        (Adobe Acrobat file 32KB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    The Forest Conservation Management Agreement (FCMA) enables property owners with 5 or more contiguous acres to manage their forest land and freeze the assessed value of the forest land.


  • Maryland 2003 - Forest Health Highlights
        (Adobe Acrobat file 32KB) - To get the free Acrobat Reader go to Adobe.com.

    This document is a summary of forest health programs and issues affecting Maryland's forests in 2003.


  • Forest Fire Publications

    1.) Protecting Your Home from Wildfire
    2.) Open Air Burning Regs
    3.) Firewise Landscaping for Woodland Homes
    4.) Firewise Plant List
    5.) Plant Flammability Key
    6.) Home Risk Assessment form
    7.) On the line of Fire - The men and women who battle America's wildland blazes.
    8.) Wildfire is the enemy of your forest home - Safety measures to observe around your forest home.


  • Is the forest healthy?

    Some compelling facts about the state of Maryland's forests as well as the Mid-Atlantic region as a whole.


  • Trees for Maryland's Watersheds

    You are part of a watershed. The health of your watershed affects your life everyday. Whether you live in the mountains, or on the Eastern Shore, city or country, you need clean water for drinking, cooking, bathing, washing and many other uses.


  • The Benefits of Urban Trees

    Trees make communities livable for people. Trees add beauty and create an environment beneficial to our mental health.


  • Wherever you live...You Live in a Watershed

    A watershed can be as large as the entire Chesapeake Bay drainage basin, which covers 64,000 square miles. All precipitation falling on this six-state region eventually drains into the Chesapeake Bay .


  • Evaluating the Effectiveness of Maryland’s Best Management
        Practices for Forest Harvest Operations

    The overall goal of this project is to implement a suite of forestry Best Management Practices on a small watershed on Sugarloaf Mountain, and to evaluate the effectiveness of these BMPs in protecting water quality.


  • LaPlata Tornado Damage Assessment Report

    Detailed report concerning the tornado that touched down in southern Maryland in April 2002.